Nimbolide Suppresses Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cell Invasion

Therefore, nimbolide may act as a novel drug to inhibit NSCLC invasion and metastasis through manipulation of ERK1/2 signaling and DUSP4 expression.

Nimbolide Suppresses Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cell Invasion

Nimbolide suppresses non-small cell lung cancer cell invasion and migration via manipulation of DUSP4 expression and ERK1/2 signaling

Nimbolide plays an important role in treating human diseases. In these years, the anticancer property of nimbolide has been paid more and more attention. However, the role of nimbolide in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. In this study, we found that nimbolide treatment suppressed the invasion and migration of NSCLC cells, in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, nimbolide treatment dose-dependently inhibited ERK1/2 activation, decreased Snail and MMP-3 expression, and increased E-cadherin expression. Further, we found that nimbolide treatment upregulated DUSP4 expression. DUSP4 knockdown attenuated nimbolide-mediated inhibition of cell invasion, migration and ERK1/2 activation. We also found that DUSP4 knockdown suppressed the effect of nimbolide on MMP-3, Snail and E-cadherin expression. Taken together, our study demonstrates that nimbolide treatment can upregulate the expression of DUSP4, thus inhibiting ERK1/2 activation. Inhibition of ERK1/2 pathway by nimbolide decreases MMP-3 and Snail expression, and increases E-cadherin expression, which finally inhibits NSCLC cell invasion and migration. Therefore, nimbolide may act as a novel drug to inhibit NSCLC invasion and metastasis through manipulation of ERK1/2 signaling and DUSP4 expression.

Hua Lin 1, Shiyang Qiu 2, Lihua Xie 1, Chun Liu 1, Shenghua Sun 3  Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Aug;92:340-346.