Nimbolide ameliorates pancreatic inflammation
These results suggest that NB exerts strong anti-pancreatitis effects against cerulein-induced AP by combating inflammatory and apoptosis signaling via SIRT1 activation.
Nimbolide ameliorates pancreatic inflammation and apoptosis by modulating NF-κB/SIRT1 and apoptosis signaling in acute pancreatitis model
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a potential gastrointestinal problem most commonly associated with pancreatic inflammation and acinar cells injury. Nimbolide (NB), isolated from the tree Azadirachta indica, possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we aimed to investigate the pancreatic protective effects of NB in ameliorating cerulein-induced pancreatic inflammation and apoptosis in AP model and evaluate the potential mechanism of action. AP was induced in Swiss albino mice by six-hourly intraperitoneal exposures of cerulein (50 µg/kg/hr) and pre-treatment of NB (0.3 and 1 mg/kg) 7 days prior to the cerulein exposure. Various parameters associated with AP in plasma and pancreatic tissues were evaluated. Severity of AP was effectively ameliorated by NB as shown by reducing pancreatic edema, plasma amylase and lipase levels, MPO levels and in cerulein-induced histological damage. Further, the antioxidant effect of NB was associated with a significant inhibition of oxidative-nitrosative stress in Raw 264.7 cells and cerulein-induced AP mice. Moreover, NB suppressed proinflammatory cytokines, iNOS and nitrotyrosine expression. In addition, NB inhibited NF-κB activation and increased SIRT1 expression in cerulein challenged mice. Furthermore, NB also inhibited pancreatic apoptosis by downregulating cleaved caspase 3 and Bax while upregulating Bcl2 expression in cerulein-treated mice. Inhibition of pancreatic inflammation and apoptosis resulted in attenuation of cerulein-induced AP. These results suggest that NB exerts strong anti-pancreatitis effects against cerulein-induced AP by combating inflammatory and apoptosis signaling via SIRT1 activation.
Sapana Bansod 1, Chandraiah Godugu 2 Int Immunopharmacol. 2021 Jan;90:107246.